Resolution 1747 of the Security Council versus Iran’s Nuclear Programme

23Oct07

Resolution 1747 of the Security Council versus Iran’s Nuclear Programme

written by M.L. Fauzi

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source: www.abc.net.au

The Security Council of the United Nations issued Resolution 1747 on 23 March 2004 which broadened the scope of the former one (1737) in December 2006 to give sanctions against Iran for its uranium enrichment. Cited from the UN website, this resolution bans Iran from exporting its arms, freezes the assets and restricts the travel of additional individuals engaged in the country’s proliferation nuclear activities or ballistic missile activities. The President of Iran and his Minister for Foreign Affairs of course strongly reject this unlawful and unjustifiable decision. Subsequently, many opinions emerged to either favour or oppose this policy. Despite there are some people arguing to curse this resolution, I am standing on the proposing position to this resolution. Here is the explanation.

Those who do not wish to accept this resolution mostly say that this resolution is not truly issued by the Security Council. It is the United States of America (USA) and its allies, such as France and the United Kingdom, which stand behind this idea in making a scenario to attack Iran. According to them, this situation is due to an unfair and unbalanced global system that international politic places Western countries, mainly the USA, as a single holder of hegemony. Furthermore, the world institution, the United Nations, becomes an open stage for the domination of USA over many other countries which are economically and politically weak. Besides that, they also argue that there is no adequate proof to say that Iran has deviated from its nuclear development for military weapon. Iran as a country with the biggest uranium deposit among Middle East countries wants to develop the nuclear technology for energy diversification (Amich Alhumami in Republika 4 April 2007). This activity is Iran’s right as guaranteed in Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

Their opinions can be understood as long as Iran agrees to report how far nuclear development is. What happens in fact does not prove their advocacy. First of all, the finding of the independent institution, IAEA, where Mohamed ElBaradei is the General Director, showed that Iran will build 3.000 centrifuge facilities. This is a critical phase in nuclear energy proliferation. Unfortunately, Iran refused the inspection by the IAEA based on the NPT and Safeguards Agreements. Secondly, their argument on the influence of the USA is not fully proper. Russia and China which have a close relationship with Iran somehow support this resolution. Moreover, Indonesia as the country with a Muslim majority, Qatar as the representative of Middle East countries and many other countries in Africa side with the UN’s position. Thirdly, if Iran does not have a plan to enrich uranium for weapons, for instance, why do the President and the Minister react so strongly against this resolution? Their stubbornness concerning this case confirms Iran’s negative image amongst the rest of the world.  
Based above mentioned facts, it can be concluded that what the Security Council did is right to maintain a peaceful condition of the world. It must also be noted that the goal of this resolution is to develop relations and cooperation with Iran based on mutual respect. Hence, the ball is now in Iran’s court as the Security Council has given sixty days for Iran to negotiate with the IAEA in order to report what actually has been and will be done in its nuclear programme. However, apart from my position in this case, I always hope that any tensions which occur on this world stage anyway are resolved and dealt with in a peaceful manner.



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